Psychopathic Label

October 14, 2019

Berryessa and Wohlstetter (2019) examined the psychopathic label and effects on punishment outcomes. These authors found that the lay public, but no those in the criminal justice system, may subscribe to both general and specific labeling effects for psychopathy when it comes to punishment. These authors noted this has potential implications for jury sentencing in both capital and in noncapital cases. 

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Comparing Solo and Co offending Female Sexual Offenders

October 14, 2019

Females only account for approximately 2 to 12% of all sexual offenses. Miller and Marshall (2019) examined 225 incarcerated FSO's and found that solo offenders are more likely to have male, unrelated victims, score higher on dominance and aggression, and are more likely to generally recidivate. Solo verus co offending status was not a significant predictor for sexual recidivism. 

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Montwheeler Effect

October 14, 2019

Highly recommend

The Montwheeler Effect: Examining the personalty disorder exclusion in Oregon's insanity defense (Joseph Langerman, 2018)

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Intensity and Timing of Sexual Offending Treatment

October 14, 2019

According to the literature inconsistent findings have been found as to the impact of sexual offending treatment. Day et. al (2019) reviewed the research and "concluded that insufficient evidence currently exists to articulate best practice in this area and there is pressing need to collect empirical evidence about the effectiveness of different intensity treatments offered at different stages of sentence."

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Child Pornography Offender Risk Tool

October 14, 2019
Validation study of the CPORT (2019): The CPORT is a 7 item tool to examine the likelihood of sexual reoffending over a 5-year follow-up period. CPORT was published by Seto and Eke in 2015 and is the first child pornography specific risk assessment tool. In 2019, Eke, Helmus, and Seto completed a validation study of which found similar results as the development study/sample. Result suggest the CPORT is a valid measure ...   read more

Crossover Sexual Offending

October 16, 2013
Kleban, Chesin, Jeglic, and Mercado (2012) found that sex offenders remain relatively stable with regard to victim gender. However, sex offenders are much more variable in their selection of victims based on age and relationship status.   read more

Possession of Child Pornography and Likelihood of Contact Offenses

October 9, 2013
Long, Alison, and McManus (2012) found that the quantity of indecent images of children discriminated dual and noncontact offenders, with the latter having significanlty more images, opposite of some past research.
These authors noted that what appears to be critical in discriminating dual and noncontact sex offenders is where an individual's particular sexual interest lies. Offenders have varying "anchor points" ...   read more

Does Treatment Volunteerism Effect Recidivism?

October 2, 2013
Grady, Edwards, Pettus-Davis, and Abramson (2012) found that sex offenders who volunteerd for participation in sex offender treatment did not demonstrate any difference in recidivism rates when compared to sex offenders who did not volunteer to participate in treatment. Meaning, an offender's proclaimed wish to particiapte in treatment does not translate into a reduction in rates of recidivism.
These authors also ...   read more

Gender Differences in Prosecution Acceptance of Child Sexual Abuse Cases

October 2, 2013
Edelson (2012) found that cases involving male victims were significantly less likely to be accepted for prosecution than cases involving female victims.
Only two variables were discovered to account for this difference. The first variable was the relationship of the child to the perpetrator. Females were more likely than males to be abused by biological fathers, and males were more likely to be abused my mother's ...   read more

Reliability of Sex Offender Risk Assessment Tools

January 10, 2013
Risk assessment measures are important tools used in the evaluation of sexually violent predators (SVP's). Although they are only one source of data used to inform expert opinions that are offered in SVP committment proceedings (as well as other legal arenas), they are instruments used when the stakes are high and need to be as reliable and valid as possible. Miller, Kimonis, Otto, Kline, and Asserman (2012) examined ...   read more

Impact of Incarceration on Inmates with HIV

May 22, 2012
Incarceration may significantly interfere with adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy
HIV meds were not available to many when they were initially arrested
Lower quality of HIV care
Many inmates with HIV often endure violence by fellow inmates
Some receive insufficient quantities of their HIV medications
Small, W., Wood, E., Betteridge, G., Montaner, J. & Kerr, T. (2009). The impact of incarceration upon ...   read more

Employment for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

May 22, 2012

Low rates of employment in the community for adults with Autism spectrum disorders
nearly 45% of sample had never been employed
Most consistent correlate is IQ
individuals who have ASD and comorbid intellectual disabilities have less social functioning compared to those with ASD and higher IQ score
Taylor, J.L. & Seltzer, M.M. (2011). Employment and Post-Secondary Educational Activities for Young Adults with Autism ...   read more

Risk Assessment of DD/MR Adult Male Sex Offenders

February 16, 2012

No validated risk assement tools for DD/MR sex offenders at this tiime
Some limited research using the STATIC-99 and RRASOR with DD/MR sex offenders
STATIC-99 more overestimate risk
RRASOR may be more accurate tool for DD/MR sex offenders
Actuarial tools should be used as a "risk baseline" in these particular risk assessments
Few cases warrant the use of the Hare PCL-R
Few DD/MR sex offenders are "psychopathic" as measured ...   read more

Child Pornography Offenders & Contact Sexual Offenses

January 24, 2012
Seto is considered the guru in the field of child pornography research. He recently published "Contact Sexual Offending by Men With Online Sexual Offenses" (2011), a meta-analysis of 24 previous studies, one of which is the Butner Study. Results are as follows:
- 1 in 8 online offenders (12%) have a known contact sexual offense at the time of their index offense
- 1 in 2 (55%) online offenders admitted to a contact ...   read more

PAI Antisocial Features scale as proxy for psychopathy

October 31, 2011
More recently, research has been conducted regarding the validity of using the PAI as a measure of psychopathy (Douglas et al., 2007).  As stated above, using the PCL-R is the current standard in the field. However, due to the limitations of the instrument, there is an increased emphasis on using the PAI in place of the PCL-R (Douglas et al., 2007).
Salekin et al. (1997) observed scores on the PCL-R, PAI -ANT scale, ...   read more

PAI & Female Sex Offenders

October 28, 2011
Presently, only one published study exists examining the PAI results of female sex offenders. Turner et al. (2008) researched the characteristics of 90 female sex offenders regarding offense and personality traits. Based on these author’s results, they found three distinct personality-based subtypes of female sex offenders by self-report PAI scores. The first subtype had subclinical psychopathology levels but had ...   read more

PAI & Sex Offenders

October 23, 2011
Psychopathology and maladaptive personality functioning play a significant role in sexual offending (Laulik, Allam, & Sheridan, 2007). Edens et al. (2001) stressed that personality disorders are relevant in forensic and correctional settings because of the inclusion of personality disorder diagnoses into various legal statutes and case law, specifically noting the Civil Commitment of Sexually Violent Predators Act, ...   read more

Psychopathy & Sex Offenders

October 21, 2011
Similar to female offenders and psychopathy, research on psychopathy and sex offenders is limited. In addition, the usefulness of the PCL-R and its derivatives is debatable (Hare, 2004). Hare reported that psychopathy is more strongly associated with general and violent offending than with sexual offending. This may be a result of child molesters not being psychopaths, rather, generalized offenders who happen to also ...   read more

Psychopathy & Female Offenders

October 17, 2011
There is a paucity of research on the validity of using the PCL-R or its derivatives with female offenders (Salekin, Rogers, & Sewell, 1997). These authors elaborated that pronounced gender differences for psychopathy and APD have been observed, despite the limited research. Some of the gender differences include later onset of psychopathy and APD for females than males; females exhibit less overt aggression than ...   read more

Limitations of the PCL-R

October 12, 2011
Although there is an abundance of research suggesting that the PCL-R is the “gold standard”, it has some limitations. First, the PCL-R is highly labor intensive to administer and score. Requirements for accurate scoring include a trained examiner, a semi-structured clinical interview, and extensive review of all available institutional file data. This often results in a trained mental health professional ...   read more

Psychopathy & Sexual Recidivism

October 9, 2011
Some researchers have found significant relationships between psychopathy and sexual recidivism (Hanson & Harris, 2000; Hemphill, Hare, & Wong, 1998; Hildebrand, de Ruiter, & de Vogel, 2004; Salekin et al., 1996) whereas other researchers have found competing results (Barbaree, Seto, Langton, & Peacock, 2001; Olver & Wong, 2006). Barbaree et al. (2001) found that the PCL-R predicted general and serious ...   read more

Psychopathy & Recidivism

October 6, 2011
More recent debate and research has focused on the use of specific assessments of offender personality traits believed to correlate with offender recidivism, in particular the PCL-R and its derivatives. Salekin, Rogers, and Sewell (1996) reviewed 18 studies, yielding 29 effect sizes, that investigated the relationship between the PCL/ PCL-R and violent and nonviolent recidivism. These authors divided the studies into ...   read more

Neuropsychological Impact of Childhood Abuse/Trauma

July 29, 2011
Childhood maltreatment is associated with alterations of the biological stess systems (i.e., sympathetic nervous system, serotonin system, and limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis) which negatively effects brain development and causes delays in cognitive, language, and academic skills.Those who experienced childhood maltreatment had elevated PTSD, depression, personality disorders, conduct problems, attention difficulties, ...   read more

Effective and Ethical Expert Testimony

July 12, 2011

-Know the error rates of each measure/test used in the eval
-Know the research that the computer generated interpretation is based on (should be in manual)
-The trier of fact is your audience
-Always ask yourself: 
-How do I know this to be true?
-How do I know if it isn't true?
-If you were called by the other side, what would you have said? why?
-Experts make inferences, not factual statements
-Include ...   read more

Internet Sex Offenders

July 11, 2011

Internet sex offenders appear to be different than contact sex offenders (Tomak, Weschler, Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Virden, & Nademin, 2009; Babchishin, Hanson, & Hermann, 2011; Seto, Hanson, & Babchishin, 2011)                          
they appear less deviant
less physically ...   read more

Suspect Interviews & False Confessions

February 24, 2011
The principle objective of police interviewing is to gather relevant information about the suspected or reported crime. There are two types of interview techniques: the Reid technique, primarily used in the United States; and the PEACE model, primarily used in the United Kingdom. Researchers have expressed concerns regarding the Reid technique due to its guilt-presumptive and confrontational aspects, and thus, recommend ...   read more

Restoration of Competency to Stand Trial

February 22, 2011
The majority of the research to date has focused on the evaluation of competency to stand trial, while ignoring the issue of restoration of competency to stand trial. Two areas that have been research regarding restoration are: the prediction of restorability and the investigation of various treatment programs for restoration.
Prediction of Restorability

Hubbard and Zapf (2003) found two significant predictors ...   read more

Women accused of sexual offenses

February 22, 2011
Research regarding sex offenders has increased significantly in recent years, but the vast majority of the literature focuses on understanding the characteristics, risk factors, and effective treatment methods of male sex offenders, while almost completely ignoring women charged with sexual offenses. In fact, before 1986 there was no official data regarding female sex offenders. In this article, we ...   read more

Sexual offending and the brain

February 15, 2011
Understanding Sexual Offending and the Brain: From the Basics to the State of the Art
Oregon Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers
Presentation by James M. Cantor, Ph.D. 02/11/11
Key points:
Phallometric assessment is one of the strongest predictors of sex recidivism (Hanson & Bussiere, 1998)
Pedophiles have lower IQ scores than hebephiles and teleiophiles (Cantor et al., 2004)
Pedophiles have lower verbal ...   read more

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